Common hernias seen in practice are:
INGUINAL HERNIA (or Groin Hernia) - Commonly occurs in males. - Commonly occurs in males.
Congenital - Present since birth.
Acquired- Acquired during the lifetime. The common conditions leading to this type of hernia are-
- Lifting of heavy weights.
- Doing strenuous exercises.
- Later in life when the abdominal musculature becomes weak.
- In certain pre-existing medical conditions likebronchial asthma, chronic constipation and urinary bladder outlet obstruction.
Occurs below the inguinal ligament and through the Femoral Canal. This commonly occurs in females.
Occurs through the anterior abdominal wall. They are either Congenital (mostly umbilical hernia through the umbilicus) or acquired. The causes for this include:
- When increased amount of fat acts as a pile driver in obese patients, it leads to a defect in the sheath and thus leads to hernia formation.
- Hernia which occurs after surgery due to use of a faulty technique of closure of the abdomen by the surgeon is called incisional hernia.
- Poor musculature of the patient.
- Wound infection after the surgery.